Besides Tribal Council offices, the center will contain offices to administer federal grants for education, health, tribal meeting rooms, archives, areas for Under Armour Shoes Israel
It can be difficult to count how many jobs are created by a construction project, with everything from steel manufacturers to diner waitresses affected. The federal government uses a multiplier to determine the number of jobs created. For the Mohegans' government center, the estimate is 1,200 direct and indirect jobs created, Lerch said. That's $45,000 borrowed to create each job.
MONTVILLE When Wall Street's financial markets collapsed in the fall of 2008, the workers building the Mohegan tribe's government and cultural center suddenly lost their jobs.
The recession has also put a strain on revenues, and the casino laid off about 450 workers last month, although 120 moved to other jobs in the casino and some will get new jobs when one of the tribe run buffets is turned over to a private restaurant owner, Bunnell said.
Bunnell noted that the tribe had tried to get private sector financing. "This money was not available to us otherwise," he said. "Had the economy and Wall Street not cratered, that's what we were going to do."
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Thanks to $54 million in loans through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, "there are 100 people right now on the job site . and they're going to be there for another year," says Chuck Bunnell, the Mohegans' spokesman.
But when it comes to financing the four story building that will serve as the center for all governmental offices, as well as cultural and health services, the tribe needed financing from the credit markets, just as a town or state would. Department of Agriculture's regional office in Amherst, Mass., which administered the loan.
Bunnell said that once construction started again, "we actually brought back the people that were working before we stopped." Most of them work for the contractors who won bids, and most are not Mohegans, he said.
The kind of tribal center the Mohegans are building is common in Indian country, where land and money may be scarce: it "includes everything from soup to nuts," Lerch said.
He said the revenue the tribe earns, after paying debt, salaries and the state, is "significantly less" than it pays to the state. "At the end of the day, the number is probably smaller than people consider it to be," he said.
teaching the Mohegan language, basket weaving and other skills and even a YMCA type facility, Lerch and Bunnell said.
The Mohegans, who own the Mohegan Sun casino in the Uncasville section of town, bring in millions in revenue every year, and give $180 million to the state of Connecticut this year as part of a compact the state has with them and the Mashantucket Pequots, who own the Foxwoods Resort Casino in nearby Ledyard.
While the project got under way Bunnell said it was about 20 percent complete in 2008 the financial meltdown brought the cranes and hammers to a halt. "We were unable to continue the project, so all of the men and women from the building trades who were working there had to stop working and were laid off," Bunnell said.
"Imagine the impact to the local community there," she said. "It Under Armour Shoes For Toddlers
"The shovels went back in the ground about three weeks ago," she said. "There area a lot of happy folks, from suppliers to developers, people who need the work."
"Everything kind of went crazy. The last ditch effort was with the Bureau of Indian Affairs . through our loan program."
Mohegans' getting stimulus money may not realize that they received a loan, not a grant. Lerch said the Mashpee Wampanoags on Cape Cod, who don't have a casino, recently received $12.7 million in loans, but that the Mohegans' income lowers the risk to the government, because "we really need to be paid back," she said.
Lerch said the four story building was "shrink wrapped" for the winter, but would not be able to go another year without further construction.
was really dramatic. The steel beams were in, the foundation was in, the roof was on."
It will not, however, contain offices related to the casino or other tribal enterprises, which are housed elsewhere.
Recovery act helps casinos
While the Mohegans' application was being reviewed, the stimulus program kicked in. That made it possible to give the tribe a 30 year $54 million loan at 4 percent interest, with $20 million in guarantees for private sector bonds. Without the guarantees, the tribe would face an interest rate of at least 11 percent, Lerch said.
While it's true that the Mohegans have a lucrative Under Armour Curry 1 Black Yellow casino, which yields $20,000 to $30,000 annually to each member, according to published reports, the tribe also has heavy obligations to creditors and the state.
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